Conditions and Treatments
Please find links below to different types of conditions and treatments we can assist you with at one of our physiotherapy locations. Feel free to download the information in PDF form.
Click on the box names to expand the lists and links to pages covering far more detailed information.
- Cervical Spine - Acute Wry Neck
Have you ever woken up and your neck is “stuck” and you cannot move it in certain directions without sharp pain? Then you have experienced an acute wry neck!
- Cervical Spine - Cervicogenic Headaches
Physiotherapy has been shown to be highly effective in the management of cervicogenic headaches.
- Cervical Spine - Non-Specific Neck Pain
Physiotherapy treatment including joint mobilisations and manipulations, specific muscle re-education exercises and soft tissue mobilising techniques have all been found to be useful in the treatment of neck pain from acute through to chronic stages of the condition.
- Cervical Spine - Whiplash
Physiotherapy can greatly assist patients who have whiplash injury following a motor vehicle accident.
- Children - Growing Pains
“Growing pains” are used to describe specific aches and pains that occur in children as they experience growth spurts. These pains occur at the insertion of tendons onto bone.
- Children - Injuries in Children
Children have developing and growing bodies and abnormal forces applied to their tissues often result in different injuries than those seen when similar forces are applied to the adult body. Below are some examples of how injuries to children can differ from those seen in the adult population.
- Tennis Elbow
Research has demonstrated that Physiotherapy treatment can be highly effective in the treatment of acute and chronic “tennis elbow”. Tennis elbow, or “lateral epicondylalgia” as it has more recently been named, often involves more than localised pathology around the elbow.
- Foot and Ankle - Ankle Injuries & Sprains
Treatment administered in the first 24 hours is the most important determinant of long-term recovery from an acute ankle sprain. Chronic or recurrent ankle sprains also need physiotherapy rehabilitation to achieve stability and should be treated immediately by a physiotherapist to improve stability and decrease pain.
- Foot and Ankle - Ortotics
Physiotherapists are qualified to assess and fit orthotics to individuals requiring orthotic support for compromised foot and lower limb biomechanics. Belridge Move Well Physiotherapists may prescribe GaitScan orthotics which are individually assessed and formatted for each patient.
- Foot and Ankle - Plantar Fasciitis
Plantar Fasciitis is a painful condition affecting the sole of the foot, with pain usually localised around the front of the calcaneum and radiating along the middle of the sole of the foot towards the toes. There is usually point tenderness on the insertion of the plantar fascia onto the calcaneum.
- Hip - Hip Pain
Pain from the hip joint is commonly experienced in the groin region, but can also refer to the lateral hip region, the medial knee, under the crease of the buttock and the lateral leg. The pain can occur spontaneously with no obvious cause, but on examination there is often quite restricted hip joint mobility and muscle weakness which suggests a gradual asymptomatic onset.
- Hip - Osteoarthritis of the Hip
Physiotherapy treatment can greatly improve hip range of movement, decrease pain and improve muscle strength around a hip joint affected by capsular restrictions and limited range of movement. Physiotherapy treatment can also significantly improve function and decrease hip pain associated with osteo-arthritic changes confirmed by X-ray.
- Knee - Osteoarthritis of the Knee
OA of the knee can occur at the patello-femoral joint, the tibio-femoral joint, the superior tib-fib joint, or any combination of the above.
- Knee - Patello-Femoral Joint Pain
Patello-femoral joint pain can occur in both children and adults and usually responds extremely well to physiotherapy treatment. Scientific research has confirmed that physiotherapy intervention is the most effective long-term solution for kneecap pain.
Approximately 90% of patello-femoral syndrome sufferers will be pain-free within six weeks of starting a physiotherapist guided rehabilitation program. For those who fails to respond, surgery may be required to repair any severely damaged joint surfaces.
- Lower Limb - Biomechanical Assessment
Physiotherapists are trained in the assessment of lower limb biomechanics
- Lumbar Spine - Ankylosing Spondylitis
Ankylosing Spondylitis is a systemic spondyloarthropathy, more common in males than in females. In the acute phase, the condition is characterised by widespread spinal joint inflammation, but severe cases can progress to eventual fusion of the spine.
- Lumbar Spine - Lumbar Disc Injuries
Research suggests that up to 80% of acute low back pain is a result of injury to the lumbar discs and physiotherapy treatment has been shown to be effective in the management of lumbar disc injuries.
- Lumbar Spine - Non-Specific Lower Back Pain
Physiotherapy can be successful in the treatment of non-specific low back pain, and evidence of this can be found in the Australian Physiotherapy Association’s Low Back Pain Position Statement. Move Well Physiotherapists are up to date with current research in the area of non-specific low back pain and the APA Low Back Pain Position Statement.
- Lumbar Spine - Ultrasound of stabilising muscles
Recent research published in various medical and physiotherapy journals (including “SPINE”) has investigated the role of the deep stabilising muscles of the lumbar spine (Transversus Abdominis, Multifidus, the diaphragm and the Pelvic Floor) in low back pain. The research demonstrates that following lumbar spine injury, the stabilising muscles are significantly inhibited. The inevitable weakening and loss of control of these muscles often leads to poor or incomplete recovery from the injury and the development of chronic or recurrent low back pain.
- Lumbar Spine - Spondylolisthesis
Physiotherapy treatment can significantly improve symptoms and function in patients who have a lumbar spondylolisthesis.
- Spine - Stenosis
Stenosis is characterised by leg pain or symptoms of neurological or vascular compromise in one or both legs related to prolonged standing and/or walking. Symptoms are usually relieved quite quickly when the patient sits down.
- Slump Pain
“Slump” pain is the result of mild inflammation of the central neural tube soft tissue structures, the dura. Patients will often report gradual onset cervical, mid thoracic and/or lumbar diffuse pain or aching while sitting for prolonged periods. Bilateral mild to moderate headache which lasts for several days may also be a symptom.
- Pain - Neural Centralisation
Chronic pain states can lead to neural sensitisation and centralisation. This complex condition results in decreased patient responsiveness to the usual treatments implemented for musculoskeletal pain and injury.
- Pelvis and Groin - Osteitis Pubis
Osteitis Pubis has become a common condition in Australian Rules Football Players. It is a condition characterised by oedema of the bone marrow within the pubic rami. This can be confirmed with MRI and is usually a unilateral condition, but may be bilateral in some players.
- Pelvis and Groin - Sacroiliac Joint Pain
Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) dysfunction is often associated with pregnancy or post partum mums, but can also be related to overuse injuries (repeated bending activities) or sporting incidents. The SIJ does not have a very large range of movement, but is an integral central component of the skeleton in full weight bearing (walking and running), and it is therefore essential that biomechanically the joint is moving in a coordinated fashion bilaterally.
- Shoulder - Rotator Cuff Injuries
Rotator Cuff Injuries are quite a common occurrence in both the sporting and the older populations. These injuries can range from a minor local inflammatory reaction to a partial to full thickness tear (single rotator cuff tendon/muscle involvement to multiple tendon/muscle involvement). Physiotherapists are able to treat rotator cuff injuries throughout the healing phases.
- Shoulder - Subacromial Bursitis or Impingement
Sub-aromial impingment is the most common cause of shoulder pain and physiotherapy treatment can greatly assist recovery and is often essential to prevent recurrence.
Shoulder impingement occurs when the subacromial space becomes too small to allow easy passage of soft tissue structures during functional activities. This space can be narrowed due to anatomical variants or postural changes. The soft tissues can become swollen (acute phase) and thickened (chronic phase) resulting in further pain and disability.
- Shoulder - Swimmers Shoulder
Swimmers Shoulder is a general term used to describe impingement pain occurring at the shoulder as a result of swimming. Swimmers Shoulder can occur in both social and serious swimmers and is not an uncommon problem, with the USA Olympic team in the 1980’s having more than 90% of their squad affected by swimmers shoulder at the one time.
- Rib Injuries
Physiotherapists can effectively assess and treat rib injuries from the acute presentation through to chronic rib lesions. Acute rib injuries are usually traumatic and occur most commonly as a result of a sporting incident. However, rib injuries may also be of insidious onset and gradually get worse without any specific incident of note.
- Thoracic Inlet Syndrome
The thoracic inlet allows unobstructed passage of the neurovascular bundle (nerves, arteries and veins) from the root of the neck to the axilla (from the neck to the arm pit).
- TMJ - Temporomandibular Joint
The dysfunctional temporomandibular joint is a notoriously poorly managed condition that is characterised by a variety of symptoms, including jaw and face pain, headache, ear symptoms, tooth ache, and poor sleep patterns.
- Women's Health - Pelvic Floor
The Pelvic Floor Muscles consists of four pairs of muscles which sling across the bottom of the abdomino-pelvic cavity.
- Wrist and Hand - Colles Fracture
Colles’ fracture is a fracture of the distal radius and ulna (the bones of the forarm), which occurs after a fall onto an outstretched hand. It is most common in the older population but can also occur in young sports people. In the younger person, because the force required to fracture such strong bones is great, young athletes often also suffer intra-articular (inside the joint) fracture with this injury.
- Wrist and Hand - Scaphoid and Hamate Fractures
Scaphoid fractures most commonly occur as a result of a fall onto an outstretched hand. These fractures notoriously heal poorly and require quite significant immobilisation and rehabilitation following removal of the plaster cast. The Hook of Hamate fractures are almost exclusively a golfing injury, and injury to the distal end of the ulna nerve are not uncommon.